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This is a Student Edited Database to help UTSA Students with their studies in Ancient Greek and Latin


There are 5 basic cases in ancient Greek. Every Noun will be one of these.

Nominative: This case is used for the subjct of a sentence or clause 

Genitive: 'Of' or 'from' The genitive shows a noun that modifies another noun. The most common of these is possesion, composition, and origin.

       Molly's pocket, House of stone, Dicaeopolis of Athens.

Dative: Ussually to show a noun that was given something or an indirect object. Sometimes it will be used as a direct object when the verb is a giving or leading verb.

    Richie gave Christi a rock

Accusative: This case is used to show a direct object of a sentence or clause.

Vocative: The Vocative shows a noun that is being addressed. 

        "I don't know, Rebbecca." As opposed to "I don't know Rebbeccca"

Cases are easily identified by the articles that often precede them as shown on the table below.

Masculine Feminine Neuter
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual [ar 1] Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative (ho) τώ(tṓ) οἱ(hoi) (hē) τώ(tṓ) αἱ(hai) τό(tó) τώ(tṓ) τά(tá)
Genitive τοῦ(toû) τοῖν(toîn) τῶν(tôn) τῆς(tês) τοῖν(toîn) τῶν(tôn) τοῦ(toû) τοῖν(toîn) τῶν(tôn)
Dative τῷ(tôi) τοῖν(toîn) τοῖς(toîs) τῇ(têi) τοῖν(toîn) ταῖς(taîs) τῷ(tôi) τοῖν(toîn) τοῖς(toîs)
Accusative τόν(tón) τώ(tṓ) τούς(toús) τήν(tḗn) τώ(tṓ) τάς(tás) τό(tó) τώ(tṓ) τά(tá)

If using the Athanaze, You will first learn the 2nd declension endings. Here is a reference and they can also be found on page 20 of the first book.



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